A fair chance for all

Breaking the cycle of persistent disadvantage


The Government has asked the Productivity Commission to undertake an inquiry into economic inclusion and social mobility – A fair chance for all – with a focus on helping those experiencing persistent disadvantage.  

A fair chance for all


  • Scoping
    15 June 2021
  • Public engagement
    Feedback and submissions due by 27 August 2021
  • Terms of Reference
    December 2021
  • Preliminary findings and recommendations
    29 September 2022
  • Submissions welcome on preliminary findings until 11 November 2022
  • Final report
    March 2023

The inquiry focuses on the overall settings of the “public management system”, taking a whole of system view, rather than assessing policies and services in one or two government sectors.

The Commission’s interim report of its preliminary findings and recommendations was published in November 2022. This looked across the whole public management system to understand what is creating the inequities in people's lives in the first place, why certain groups are more vulnerable to persistent disadvantage in New Zealand, and how the public management system contributes to that.  

This report was based on evidence and research we carried out or commissioned, and can be accessed below under 'Research'.


We received 70 plus submissions on our interim findings on this wide-ranging and complex topic. These are now being reviewed and will be used to inform and guide our final report. Submissions are available for viewing on our website. 

Our webinars

Panel webinars - Perspectives on fair chance for all interim report

Webinars with a selection of leaders from different constituencies to gain their thoughts about the Commission’s preliminary findings and recommendations.  

Speakers on webinar held 25 October:

  • Rob Campbell, Independent Director
  • Dr Claire Achmad, Chief Executive, Social Service Providers Aotearoa
  • Derek Gill, Associate, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research

Watch the recording.

Speakers on webinar held 26 October:

  • Dr Penny Hagen, Director Tangata Tiriti, Auckland Co-Design Lab
  • Angie Tangaere, Kaitohu Tangata Whenua, Auckland Co-Design Lab
  • Tunumafono Fa'amoetauloa Avaula Fa'amoe MNZM, Board Member Vaka Tatua, Founder Tōfa Mamao
  • Eruera Tarena, Tokona Te Raki / Māori Futures Collective

Watch the recording.

Public webinar on our preliminary findings and recommendations

Watch recorded webinar.

Growing up in New Zealand – Family resources and how they influence children’s development in Aotearoa New Zealand

We have commissioned research as part of this inquiry, to use the Growing Up in New Zealand study to tease out these relationships and better understand the long term effects.